Anonymity may be granted to data subjects, those providing information and, those acting upon it, in cases it grants forms of power. It may be practised to avoid discrimination; information from particular sources getting privileged over others. Be aware that having no identifier can cause distrust. The practice of pseudonymity ensures that a user may resource a service without disclosing their identity, but still be accountable (pseudonym).
- Be consistent about what or who is being protected when anonymity is granted.
- Reflect upon how anonymity is safeguarded in data transactions.
- Reflect on how anonymity might support trust or distrust.
Common Criteria (2012). Common Criteria for Information Technology Security Evaluation. [Link]
EDPS. (2015). European Data Protection Supervisor: Opinion 4/2015: Towards a new digital ethics. [Link]
EPIC (2013) Re-identification. [Link]
Nissenbaum, H. (1999). The meaning of anonymity in an information age, The Information Society, 15(2) 141-144. [Link]
Fast, L. (2014) Coping with Danger: Paradigms of Humanitarian Security Management. In Aid in Danger: The Perils and Promise of Humanitarianism (pp 173-226). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
General Data Protection Regulation (European Commission, 2016) [Link]